Dottor Paolo Mascaretti Dermatologo veterinario a Torino e in Piemonte
Dottor Paolo MascarettiDermatologo veterinarioa Torino e in Piemonte

Tips to reduce contact with enviromental allergens

Dust mite

If, by means of allergy testing, we  know the allergens to which the animal is allergic, in addition to immunotherapy, we can try to minimize their presence in the enviroment.
Often it is difficult to achieve, but here are some practical tips:

  

  • DUST MITES - Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus and farinae

        They are mostly found in mattresses, blankets, pillows, carpets, sofas, bedroom, toys.    Their optimal

        environment is hot and humid. 
        Blankets, pillows, mattresses :  wash them often (every 10 days, after having shake them well) with hot

        water (> 55 ° C, possibly with Demite special additive). Replace them every year.  Wrap them with special 

        linings of Goretex or polypropylene (ask at the pharmacy; pore diameter up to 10 microns. Companies: 

        Bioallergen, Allergosystem, Softbiocare, Acarosan).
        Rugs, carpets, floor:  vacuum them often (better microfilter; Allerblock eg HEPA filter) when

        the dog is out.     Alternate with "100 degrees." cleaner   Treat carpets with tannic acid (ask for info to an 

        expert).    Put a dehumidifier.  Use anti-mites paints . Do not let the pet sleep on the bed.  Keep him in a room

        without carpets (but not  bathroom or other wet rooms). Avoid plush games .  Treat the enviroment with an 

        antiacaricidal (eg. Benzyl benzoate or disodium octaborate tetrahydrate; eg. Stop Acari spray; Aclocid foam),

        followed 12 hours later by vacuum cleaner.
 

  •  STORAGE MITES  - A. Siro, Glycyphagus, Lepidogliphus

        They are mostly found in starchy foods, firewood, dry petfoods, sideboards, cold and wet walls. From there 

        they spread to fabrics etc.    Try switching from dry food to moist.    Clean the pantry.  Remove the wood. 

        Dehumidify.  See also dust mites.
   

  •  MOULD (Alternaria, Aspergillus):  

        They are mostly found in damp rooms, baths, bath mats, plant pots.  Avoid the animal staying in cellars, 

        stables etc.  Install an air conditioner and a dehumidifier. Clean and disinfect well the filters of both. Wash the 

        shower and flower saucers with bleach. 

  •   GRASS AND TREES POLLENS :

         During the months of pollination (which correspond to those of  itching), after walking outdoors, wipe a 

         humid sponge on the dog's coat especially on feet and groin.   Even better, if possible, bathe him and 

         then put an emollient.     Keep your lawn cut short. When you cut it (and on windy days), keep the dog 

         indoors.   Install an air conditioner.  Pollen are more present in early morning and at sunset.

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Paolo Mascaretti, Dermatologo Veterinario a Torino